The Four C’s

If you are interested in purchasing or looking at diamonds you should know about the four C’s. The four C’s are the top characteristics of a diamond and they include cut, color, carat and clarity.


The top characteristic is going to be the cut of the diamond. The cut of the diamond is what makes it sparkle. If you have a diamond that has great color and clarity, if the cut is poor then it will not sparkle. If a diamond does not have a high cut then it will look dull. A diamond that has a poor cut will not be worth as much. When examining a diamond’s cut you will want to look for a diamond that has light coming out of the top of it. If you want the best diamond possible you should look for a cut that is labeled as ‘Ideal Cut’. There is only about 3% of diamonds out there that are cut like this. Ideal cut means that the diamond will pretty much reflect all of the light that goes into it.


The second characteristic to look for is color. If you are looking for the best quality diamond then it will be colorless. If you notice a diamond has a pale yellow color, this means that it is not a high-quality diamond. There is an official color scale that ranges from D to Z. D is the best and that means it is colorless and Z is the worst and that means it is pale yellow. If you are looking for a good value diamond then you should look for a diamond that is rated G or H. They are almost colorless so they are fairly priced.


The third characteristic to look for in a diamond is carat. The carat is confusing for a lot of people as they usually think it is referring to the size of diamond but it is actually in reference to the diamond’s weight. When picking out a diamond you need to look at carat and cut together. If a diamond is cut poorly it is going to look smaller, even if the carat is large. If you want to buy smart, buy a diamond that has a carat size that is just under a whole or half number. For example, instead of buying a 3.0-carat diamond, buy a 2.9 instead.


The fourth characteristic to look for is clarity. The clarity refers to any imperfections within the diamond. These imperfections include blemishes and inclusions. If you want the best diamond then you will want one that has the least amount of inclusions. These diamonds will get the highest grades. While diamond clarity is important, it is actually the characteristic you should focus on the least. There are 11 different grades for clarity.
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